1.2 What Were The Ideas or Philosophies Behind Cubism?

Joseph Juraja
Characterised the visual style of cubism?
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque founded the art movement known as Cubism in 1907. As an aesthetic and philosophical innovation, this type of painting and sculpture revolutionized modern abstract art for the rest of the 20th century. Paintings in this style are easily recognized by their faceted nudes, guitars, and still lifes in muted colors.

Their paintings are characterized by geometric, fractured forms, muted, depthless colors, and unspecified edges. This method produced forms with a reinterpreted a point of view not reliant on classical theories of perspective, the disappearing horizon, or precise angles of illumination. They sought to incorporate simultaneous angles of a view on the same canvas, and highlight objects as merely their geometric constituents. They made free use of the basic Euclidean geometric solids: pyramid, cube, sphere, cylinder, and cone. The name "cubism" was originally intended as an insult to their "simplistic" depictions.
Other important painters in the cubist fashion are Fernand Leger, Roger de la Fresnaye, and Francis Picabia. Although this was a relatively short-lived school of visual art, just lasting from 1907-1914, it has had untold effects on much of modern conceptual art. Guillame Apollinaire described Cubism in 1912 as "the art of painting original arrangements composed of elements taken from conceived rather than perceived reality. "http://pablo-picasso.paintings.name/

The technique of faceting originated from Georges Braques - it was his way to depict a natural object. Picasso didn't so much facet natural objects, but used the geometry of Braques' faceted paintings to create a style that was abstract in essence, almost pure abstract art. So cubism refers to the styles of both Braques and Picasso, although Braques' cubism has a recognizable figurative objective, while Picasso's cubism served as the link between Braques' style and pure the abstract art that followed from cubism (such as Piet Mondrian and suprematism).

It is important to fully realize the importance of cubism. It isn't just "Picasso's style" but marks the real beginning of abstract art. Picasso's predecessors, such as the impressionists, the fauvists and Cezanne were still principally tied to nature as a model to elaborate on.

Picasso's career is in fact a patchwork of different styles and in his classicist nudes for instance there are hardly any cubist influences visible. Maybe ironically or maybe typically, when Picasso's work could be captured in an -ism, during his cubist period, his influence on art transcended the Picasso style and marked the beginning of a new era in modern art. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubism

Description of Cubist aims?
With the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the second half of the 19th century, modern art styles started to appear.
Impressionism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Art Nouveau Movement, Art Deco Movement, Cubism, Abstract Art, Pop Art Movement and Op Art Movement are major art styles appeared in modern art age.

Painting is a blind man's profession. He paints not what he sees, but what he feels, what he tells himself about what he has seen. - Pablo Picasso In 19th Century, artist believed in painting feelings and expression, which was not possible through photography.

An interesting, revolutionary Art Movement which flourished in France between 1907 and 1914. It was started by Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) when he was grappling with the depiction of volumes in his large oil painting "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon", completed, or rather left unfinished, in 1907. Most of his friends were perplexed, but Georges Braque (1882 - 1963) became an early convert, followed by Juan Gris (1887 - 1927), Fernand L├ęger (1881 - 1955) and Robert Delaunay (1885 - 1941). The movement was supported by ambitious young writers such as Guillaume Apollinaire and Max Jacob, and the Paris-based German art dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.

Cubism is used to describe paintings that look like they are made entirely out of little broken cubes. He broke up the compositions into geometric shapes. This showed the subject from more than one angle. It also represents the subjects in a series of flat planes, as well as showing all sides of an object at the same time. Browns, greens, grays and tans are the colors most often used in analytic cubism. These types of painting show mystery and timelessness.